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Aircraft air cycle refrigeration systems advantages

Views: 0     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2022-08-17      Origin: Site

Aircraft air conditioning refrigeration system

There are two basic types of refrigeration systems used on aircraft: air circulation and evaporative circulation:

The air circulation refrigeration system is based on the reverse Brayton cycle with air as the refrigerant.

The evaporative cycle refrigeration system uses liquid refrigerant that can undergo phase change at room temperature as the working fluid, and is based on the Carroll cycle.

The air circulation refrigeration system achieves refrigeration by adiabatic expansion of compressed air in the expander to obtain low-temperature airflow. Its ideal working process includes four processes: isentropic compression, isobaric cooling, isentropic expansion and isobaric heat absorption. The four working processes are similar.best aircraft air conditioning -Julong

The difference between the two is that the air does not undergo phase change in the air refrigeration cycle, and isothermal heat absorption cannot be achieved; the throttling cooling effect of the air should be very low, and the step-down refrigeration device replaces the throttle valve with an expander.

At present, large aircraft are cooled by an air circulation system. The system consists of two gas pipelines, cold and hot. The gas in the two pipelines is bleed from the compressor of the engine. According to the characteristics of the season and the different needs of the air route, the pilot can Rotate the temperature adjustment knob of the air conditioning panel to the appropriate position. After the temperature controller receives the input command from the pilot, it compares it with the received pipe temperature sensor and the cabin temperature sensor, whether to heat up or cool down, so as to control the cooling that reaches the mixing chamber. The ratio of air and hot air is used to obtain cabin air that meets the needs of human physiology and work.

The hot channel is relatively simple, that is, a part of the gas drawn from the engine directly reaches the channel that is transported to the mixing chamber through the regulating valve. The design and realization of the main cold circuit of various air circulation refrigeration systems can be determined according to the type of the turbo cooler in the cold circuit system. The air circulation refrigeration system is divided into three types: turbo fan type, turbo compressor type and turbo compressor fan type. The turbo compressor fan refrigeration system is a combination of the former two, combining the advantages of the former two.

Aircraft air conditioning circulation refrigeration systems advantages

At present, the mainstream of refrigeration on aircraft is air circulation, which has the following advantages:

1. Environmental protection and no phase change of the refrigerant. Air is a natural working medium, non-toxic and harmless, without any destructive effect on the environment, and can be freely obtained on the spot at any time. In the refrigeration cycle, the air only plays the role of transferring energy, and neither its chemical composition nor its physical phase changes. The energy-saving direct cooling system is adopted. 

Even if the air is a refrigerant, it is a carrier refrigerant, and no heat exchanger is required for cooling. The cold air directly enters the environment that needs to be cooled to eliminate the heat load and the system is under positive pressure. When used in aviation, local materials are used, which eliminates the need for a separate compressor to be replaced by a turbojet engine compressor, and also solves the problem of cabin pressurization and ventilation.

2. Wide cooling range and excellent performance at low temperature. The air refrigeration cycle can meet the requirements of minus 140 degrees above zero degrees Celsius, especially when it is below -72 degrees Celsius, its refrigeration performance is better than that of the evaporative cycle system, while modern large aircraft operate from the ground to 10,000 meters high, the temperature changes very much. Therefore, the wide temperature cooling range of the air refrigeration cycle machine just meets its requirements.

3. The air refrigeration equipment has high reliability and convenient maintenance. The air refrigeration device has a simple structure, high reliability and good safety. The refrigerant can be replenished freely anytime and anywhere, and there is no need to worry about leakage. In addition, the air refrigeration cycle device is easy to disassemble, move, and does not need to recover refrigerant, which is convenient for maintenance.

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